• 1917 - British Minister Arthur Balfour issues a promise committing to support the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine.
  • 1917 - Ottoman forces in Jerusalem surrender to General Allenby.
  • 1918 - The Allies, led by General Allenby, occupy Palestine.
  • 1918 - End of World War I and the Ottoman rule in Palestine.
  • 1919 - Winston Churchill writes: "We promised the Jews to enter Palestine, and they assumed it as a Muslim order to achieve their goals; therefore, the local population must leave."
  • 1920 - The San Remo Peace Conference's Supreme Council commits Britain to mandate Palestine.
  • 1920 - The General Syrian Congress proclaims the independence of Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, and Eastern Jordan and appoints Prince Faisal as their king.
  • 1920 - The Second Palestinian Conference is held in Syria.
  • 1922 - British census in Palestine: Total population is 757,182 distributed as follows: 78% Muslims, 11% Jews, and 9.6% Christians.
  • 1923 - British mandate in Palestine officially takes effect.
  • 1931 - Census shows a population of 1.3 million, with 9.16% being Jews.
  • 1931 - The British Director of Palestinian Development publishes a report about "landless Arabs" due to Zionist colonization.
  • 1937 - Peel Commission recommends the partition of Palestine, with 33% becoming a Jewish state, and part of the Palestinian population would be relocated from this state.
  • 1937 - An Arab National Conference convenes in Syria with the participation of 450 delegates, announcing its rejection of the partition plan proposed in the Peel Commission report.
  • 1937 - The British bring reinforcements to suppress the 1936 Palestinian revolt.
  • 1939 - The British House of Commons passes the White Paper, granting Palestine conditional independence after ten years and allowing the immigration of 15,000 Jews annually for the next five years.
  • 1943 - The five-year extension stipulated in the 1939 White Paper.
  • 1947 - Britain informs the newly formed United Nations of its intention to withdraw from Palestine, and Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin refers the Palestinian issue to the mentioned international organization.
  • 1948 - Britain plans to hand over areas in Palestine to the majority group in each region.
  • 1919 - The Treaty of Versailles decides not to return Arab territories occupied after World War I to the authority of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1920 - The San Remo Conference grants the administration of Syria and Lebanon to France, and Palestine, Iraq, and Eastern Jordan to Britain.
  • 1922 - The League of Nations approves the British Mandate in Palestine.
  • 1930 - The League of Nations establishes an international committee to determine the legal status of Jews and Arabs regarding the Wailing Wall.
  • 1947 - The United Nations establishes the Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP).
  • 1947 - On November 29, the United Nations adopts Resolution 181 calling for the partition of Palestine.
  • 1945 - The Arab League forms at a conference in Cairo, consisting of six countries: Egypt, Iraq, Eastern Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Yemen, affirming the Arab identity of Palestine.
  • 1948 - Arab states send around 25,000 soldiers to Palestine following the end of the British Mandate and the declaration of Israel's independence.

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